In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
VISITOR'S DISCUSSION (Limited to 3 minutes). ... ITEMS OF BUSINESS FOR DISCUSSION AND/OR DECISION.. Discussion, decision and/or take-action on items removed from the Consent Agenda... EXECUTIVE SESSION. Discuss the employment or resignation of Deborah Livesay in accordance with Title 25, Oklahoma Statute§ 307.8.1 ... EXECUTIVE SESSION.
The Council discussed the executive regulation of the federal decree law on Public Finance and the executive regulation of the federal law on ProductSafety... The Council also discussed adopting the accrual basis of accounting starting from 2021.
It comes after Ricky had previously hit out at the 'watering down' of television by executives, who are second guessing what will offend the public ... It comes after Ricky had previously hit out at the 'watering down' of television by executives, who are second guessing what will offend the public ... Discussing his risqué work, Ricky said.
As well as the economic recovery bill, Biden said he would be discussing infrastructure and the minimum wage with the chief executives of JPMorgan Chase, Walmart, Gap Inc and Lowe’s Companies ... Biden has stood firm on the size of the checks but remained open to discussion on tweaking the income requirements.
With no discussion, the DHA board voted unanimously last week to offer its executive director position to Taura Denmon, finance director for the Alexandria (Louisiana) Housing Authority... The two were co-executive directors until retiring earlier this year ... I just like her take about how she is going to approach being the executive director.”.
With the impending retirement of longtime County ClerkDawn Turner, the board discussed her successor in executive session during last Tuesday’s meeting before emerging and voting unanimously to hire Jaime Armstrong.
I view House judiciary hearings online, listening to bill sponsors, pros and cons, and discussion ... By gaveling-in executive action immediately after a bill has been heard, opportunity for citizens to submit comments is stifled ... .
Bagley said that while he could not currently list what options council members discussed with city staff at last month’s executive session, he said that for council to continue to have any trust and confidence in the RTD, the ... 23 executive options council discussed on Feb.
But being away from their high rise office at Dublin’s Georges Quay certainly has not dented their ambition ... Both figures are set to grow, says Harte ... He also sits on the executive board of the Amundi Group, reporting directly to CEO Yves Perrier ... We still have all the executive committee discussions and meetings, we’re just doing them virtually.
... for the global aviation industry, its chief executive said. “We are doing drones today and AirAsia is not far away from the air-taxi [business]”, Tony Fernandes, chief executive of AirAsia Group, said during an online discussion as part of Malaysia’s Youth Economic Forum 2021.