In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
25 to discuss the no-cost property transfer ...Similar discussion occurred during the executive session, Kerby wrote, with commissioners concluding that with so much at play, and with bond deliberations coming, it’s in everyone’s best interest to wait on the bond’s outcome, and then, if warranted, re-engage with the city regarding property transfer.
DAVAO CityVice MayorMelchor Quitain Jr. said the possible amendment of the speed limit ordinance is being discussed by the Committee on Transportation. The amendment of the speed limit ordinance, specifically ExecutiveOrder No. 39 series of 2013 aims to address the current traffic and transportation issues in the city ... Executive Order No ... P ... P ... ICM .
"My role in this is to discuss the inconsistencies between the discipline requirements of the COAB and its execution down to the middle school, and what might be intentional manipulation with discipline agreements to minimize the severity of the discipline to make the middle school look better to third parties," Stewart said. (READ MORE ... (READ MORE ... .
Bank stocks plunged nearly 10% yesterday, led by Absa, which fell 9.6% to R185.40 per share; followed by Capitec, which was down 9.3% to R1 836 ... The ruling ANC has called an urgent meeting of the NationalExecutive Committee (NEC), its highest decision-making body between conferences, for today, Friday, to discuss the implications of the report.
Robert Harding... The commission advanced its draft map on Thursday and scheduled public hearings to gather feedback ... Nov ... Nov ... Nov ... Nov ... Jan ... Ken Jenkins, the deputy Westchester County executive who is the new chair of the commission, said members of the panel and staff worked on the proposed maps, with discussions happening up until Thanksgiving.� ... .
The SelectBoard held a special meeting on Tuesday that included an executive session with Laverriere and Human ResourcesDirector Jeri Sheldon to “discuss or consider the employment of an individual,” according to the agenda for the evening ... Given that discussions on Tuesday took ...
MacDonell stood down from the role in a private discussion ahead of the council governance workshop yesterday ...Chief executive Stephen Parry said the resignation had not been on the meeting agenda, and had occurred ahead of it during private discussions ... an executive assistant.
The senior executives of the companies conveyed their support and commitment in the endeavour and expressed ...Senior executives from major Indian defence industry houses including L&T, Adani DefenceTata Advanced System, Ashok Leyland and others participated in the discussion.
The European Commission, the EU’s executive body, asked the bloc to approve the price cap as the body began discussing the proposal on Thursday, the WSJ said, adding that negotiations could continue or move toward an agreement later ...
Syed Kausar Abbas, ExecutiveDirector SSDO, discussed that when SSDO originally started this project in 2021, very little attention was given to this issue, and at that time, zero FIRs were registered ... He also discussed that from a research perspective, there is still a dearth of accurate statistics and data about trafficking in persons in Pakistan.