In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
Mohammed IbrahimAwal to discuss issues of interest to the sector. The executives of the GCF called on the Minister to congratulate him on his appointment and to reassure him of their commitment to helping resolve issues of culture in Ghana... The discussions with the Minister ...
HOLGATE – The cost of bids for mowing around the village led to a discussion on outsourcing the job or trying to hire some seasonal help during the Holgate council meeting Tuesday ...Council also discussed traffic patterns for entering and exiting the village park ... Council went into executive session to discuss personnel issues and took no action ... .
The GadsdenCity Council went into executive session during its pre-council meeting on Tuesday to discuss the “authorizing of engagement” for a legal firm. The council was in executive session for roughly an hour to talk about hiring Ford, Howard and Cornett, P.C ...Community Services group to discuss 'COVID culture'.
NORTH – The Town of NorthCouncil during their May meeting on Monday, May 10, went into executive session to discuss a legal issue regarding state/utility access and a personnel matter. No decisions were made during executive session, and no motions or decisions were made upon return from the session.
Following a brief executive session to discuss property near the end of Tuesday's regular meeting, magistrates reconvened in open session to approve three interlocal agreements which will now be submitted to the SomersetCity Council for consideration ... Judge-ExecutiveSteve Kelley recommended approval of the agreements as "time is of the essence.".
North Fork bridgesThe authority also discussed the upcoming replacement of the North Fork bridges by PennDOT ... A virtual meeting with PennDOT will be held Thursday, May 20, to discuss initial concerns ... He suggested it might be something to consider for next year’s budget.An executive session was held following the meeting to discuss personnel matters.
Darrin Peppard ... Peppard declined to go into specifics about the differences ... Minutes from a March 30 special meeting outline a school board executive session to discuss the superintendent’s progression ... Following the executive session, the board unanimously voted to place Peppard on district suspension immediately, pay and benefits included ... .
The film is directed by Lauren Stowell and Jenna Contreras, and executive produced by Chiney Ogwumike, Nneka’s sister ... Contreras’ cameras were rolling during the players-only meeting, led by the WNBPA executive committee, in which the collective discussed whether or not to go forward with games after the first night of play stoppage.
We’ve seen a wide variety of NFT releases this year ...What It Is, And What It Means ... Source ... The NFT purchaser receives an executed agreement, and carries the right to sue for infringement should it occur. As the discussion around the most valuable use cases for NFTs continue to evolve, patents could find their way towards the top of the list ... .
The tech sector is represented by 86 brands in the top 500 ranking — more than any other industry, with hundreds of other brands powered by technological innovation. David Haigh, chairman and chief executive of Brand Finance, said "Shenzhen and the Greater Bay Area are the perfect location for a discussion about Chinese brands and their development.
Board chairman Ron Branscum of Rogers called an executive session at the end of Monday's regular meeting to discuss what procedure it would use to replace retiring college president Evelyn E ... Can a governing board of a public entity go into executive session to discuss general salary matters or to set policy and criteria for filling positions?.
The 6th Posidonia Sea TourismForum 2021 gets under way on May 25 with the chief executives of some of the world’s biggest cruise lines participating in the first virtual panel discussion. Gianni Onorato, chief executive officer of MSC Cruises, Michael Thamm, CEOCostaGroup and ...
Harris PollCEOWilliam Johnson joins host Amy Guth to discuss what’s top of mind for business owners and C-suite executives as the city opens back up ... to discuss what’s top of mind for business owners and C-suite executives as the city opens back up.